Home Contact Us

'Beautify the Qur'an with your voices (for a fine voice increases the Qur'an in beauty)'. Bukhari
Home
Start with the basic Qa'ida!
What is Tajweed?
Rules of Tajweed
  Letters
  The Definite Article
  The letter Hamza
  The letter RA
  The letter LAAM
The letter MEEM
  Noon Saakin & Tanween
  Idghaam
Madd
  Waqf
  Finishing Touches
Etiquette of Recitation
Modes of Recitation
Message from the Editor
 

Duas
 
Useful Links
Glossary
Site Map
 
Search Site

Noon Saakin and Tanween

A noon saakin ( ) and tanween  are considered the same because the sound of a tanween sounds just like a noon saakin. Because of this similarity, the two take the same rules

Example

 
Tanween(Nunnation)

Example
  an أَنْ an بً ban ﺑَﻦْ ban
un أُنْ un بٌ bun ﺑُﻦْ bun
in إِنْ in بٍ bin ﺑِﻦْ bin

Ith'haar

To pronounce the letters from their makhraj, clearly and distinctly, without any changes

  • Presence of or tanween
  • followed by any letter of the throat ء‌ ه‌ ح ‌خ‌ ع‌ غ
  • or tanween is pronounced clearly, there is no ghunnah

Examples

Letter Extract from Verse Surah : Verse  
(108:2)
(79:40)
(79:33)
(7:43)
(80:18)
(80:10)

     

TANWEEN

Letter Extract from Verse Surah : Verse  
(101:11)
(99:7)
(102:8)
(95:6)
(113:3)
(97:5)

Idghaam

The 6 letters of Idghaam are collected in the following word :

ي ‌ر ‌م ‌ل‌ و ‌ن)  ﻳَﺮْﻣَﻠُﻮْن)

Two types of Idghaam :

  1. Without ghunnah
  2. With ghunnah

Idghaam without ghunnah

It is called the complete idghaam and its determining letters are and

  • Presence of  or tanween 
  • followed byOr
  • Or gets a shaddah
  • ghunnah is not pronounced
  • (this means a complete assimilation where no trace of the sound is left)

Examples

  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Extract from Verse Surah: Verse
(112:4) (96:15)
(96:7) (83:15)

 

TANWEEN

  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Extract from Verse Surah: Verse
(79:26) (104:1)
(101:7)    
(81:25)

Idghaam with ghunnah

It is called the incomplete idghaam, and its four determining letters are collected in the word

 ي ‌م و ‌ن) ﻳَﻣُﻮْن)

  • Presence of or tanween
  • followed by any of the following : ي ‌م و ‌ن
  • ghunnah is pronounced, 2 counts
  • (this means that some of the sound will be heard as it is incomplete blending or assimilation)

 

Examples

Letter Extract from Verse Surah : Verse   Extract from Verse Surah: Verse  
(99:7) (90:5)
(13:11) (13:34)
(111:5) (86:6)
(92:19) (14:11)

 

TANWEEN

Letter Extract from Verse Surah : Verse   Extract from Verse Surah: Verse  
(89:23) (78:40)
(111:1) (106:4)
(111:5) (105:4)
(14:44) (2:58)

NOTE

The rule of idghaam will be applied on a provided it is the last letter of the word. If it appears in the middle of a word, then there will be no idghaam

There are only 4 such words in the entire Qur'an to which this rule applies

Letter Extract from Verse Surah : Verse   Extract from Verse Surah: Verse  
(61:4) (30:7)
(6:99) (13:4)

NB : Tanween cannot appear in the middle of a word

Iqlaab

The changing of a sound from its original makhraj, in this case changing the or tanween into a

  • Presence of or tanween
  • followed by which is vowelled
  • Turn the into a sound
  • ghunnah is pronounced, 2 counts
Extract from Verse Surah : Verse  
(98:4)
(104:4)

 

Ikhfaa

The concealment of the sound

  • Presence of or tanween
  • followed by any of the 15 remaining letters of the alphabet
  • These are

  • ghunnah is pronounced, 2 counts

(this ghunnah is slight, not too deep, unlike the idghaam and or)

 

 

Method for pronouncing Ikhfaa

When an ikhfaa occurs, the makhraj of the or tanween is ignored and instead it is pronounced at or near the makhraj of the letter of ikhfaa. Therefore, the reader should make his tongue distant from the makhraj of the and close to the makhraj of the letter of ikhfaa during ghunnah, ready to pronounce the letter of Ikhfaa.

TANWEEN

  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse Extract from Verse Surah: Verse  
(78:40) (92:14)
(101:6) (78:14)
(80:2) (89:20)
(91:10) (89:21)
(78:40) (90:14)
(78:14) (18:74)
(79:35) (18:22)
(78:39) (78:12)  
(94:7)   (89:22)  
(88:6)   (30:54)  
(79:37)   (34:15)  
(78:40)   (4:57)  
(78:18)   (90:14)  
(94:3)   (78:40)  
(81:28)   (79:12)  

NOTE

ghunnah can be pronounced as thick or thin depending on whether a thick or thin letter follows.

or tanween followed by thick letter = thick ghunnah

or tanween followed by thin letter = thin ghunnah

To pronounce the ghunnah thick, the mouth should be positioned as a dome shape, and then ready to pronounce the thick letter

Example

 

Letter Type Extract from Verse Surah : Verse
Tafkheem

(thick)

(107:5)
Tafkheem

(thick)

(98:3)
Tarqeeq

(thin)

(2:9)
Tarqeeq

(thin)

(2:10)

Click here to view a printable chart depicting the Rules of Noon Saakin (نْ) or Tanween

 

 

 

Read with Tajweed - All Rights reserved