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The Rules of the letter ر ('RA')

There are 2 categories as the letter can either be:
  1. Tafkheem (rough / thick) ﺗَﻔْﺨِﻴْﻢ
  2. Tarqeeq (soft / thin) ﺗَﺮْﻗِﻴْﻖ

Tafkheem

To produce this sound the back of the tongue rises in the mouth. This elevation of the tongue produces a thick or heavy sound.

There are 5 categories for when the produces a thick, round sound:

  1. When it carries a fathah or dammah
E.g (91:13)
  (91:14)
  1. When it carries a sukoon and the letter before it carries a fathah or dammah
E.g (91:6)
(102:2)
  1. When it carries a sukoon and the letter before it carries a kasrah , and the letter after the is a rough letter (ista'ala) that doesn't carry a kasrah
E.g (78:21)
  1. When it carries a sukoon and the letter before it carries a 'helping' kasra (not an original kasra)
E.g (89:28)
  1. When it carries a sukoon as a result of wanting to stop (therefore not an original sukoon), and the letter before it is not a ya and carries a sukoon , and the letter before that has either a fathah or dammah
E.g (103:1)
(103:2)

 

Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Tafkheem

Tarqeeq

To produce this sound, the back of the tongue lowers so that a flat sound is produced.

There are 4 categories for when the produces a thin sound:

  1. When it carries a kasrah
E.g (79:36)
(80:37)
  1. When it carries a sukoon and the letter before it carries an original kasra in the same word and a letter of ista'ala (thick) doesn't follow it
E.g (79:17)
  1. When it carries a sukoon (as a result of stopping, either in the middle or end of an ayah) and the letter before it is a (elongated or otherwise) and the carries a sukoon
E.g (100:11)
  (85:11)
  1. When it carries a sukoon (due to stopping either in the middle or end of an ayah), and the letter before it is a letter of istifaal (thin) which carries a sukoon , and the letter before this carries a kasrah
E.g (89:5)

 

Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Tarqeeq

Click on the 'Summary Chart' link on the right hand sidebar to view a summarised chart for the rules of the letter  'RA' ()

Click here to view a printable image that summarizes the difference between the two categories of the letter

 

Summary Chart of the letter 'RA' Download Adobe Reader

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