Home Contact Us

'Beautify the Qur'an with your voices (for a fine voice increases the Qur'an in beauty)'. Bukhari
Home
Start with the basic Qa'ida!
What is Tajweed?
Rules of Tajweed
  Letters
  The Definite Article
  The letter Hamza
  The letter RA
  The letter LAAM
The letter MEEM
  Noon Saakin & Tanween
  Idghaam
Madd
  Waqf
  Finishing Touches
Etiquette of Recitation
Modes of Recitation
Message from the Editor
 

Duas
 
Useful Links
Glossary
Site Map
 
Search Site

The Letter ل ('Laam')

Like the letter 'ra', the letter 'laam' can also be pronounced as a thick / full mouth (tafkheem) or thin (tarqeeq) letter.

Tafkheem

To produce this sound, the tongue elevates in the mouth producing a thick/ heavy sound.

2 categories:

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name 'Allah' , when it is preceded by a fathah or Dammah

Examples

  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse
fathah (112:1)
Dammah (110:1)
  1. The in the pronunciation of the name 'Allah' ; when it is preceded by a sukoon , and the letter before that carries a fathah or Dammah
  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse
Dammah (2:185)
Dammah (2:189)

CAUTION!

If the letter preceding the name 'Allah' is a thin one, be careful not to pronounce it thick as this can easily be done due to the letter laam being pronounced thick

E.g (2:7)

The letter should be pronounced thin even though the laam is being pronounced thick

Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Tafkheem

Tarqeeq

To produce this sound, the back of the tongue lowers so that a flat sound is produced

3 categories:

  1. The in the pronunciation of the name 'Allah' when it is preceded by a kasra
E.g (85:8)
  (82:19)
  1. The in the pronunciation of the name 'Allah' when it is preceded by a sukoon, and this is preceded by a kasra
E.g (3:144)
  1. In all other instances
E.g (111:1)
  (111:2)
  (108:2)

 

Click 'here' to view practice exercises for the rules of Tarqeeq

Miscellaneous

When the letter preceding the name 'Allah' is a  , the harakaat of the letter preceding the will determine if the in Allah's name is pronounced thick or thin 

 
  Extract from Verse Surah : Verse
Tafkheem (thick) (2:143)
Tarqeeq (thin) (3:86)

 

Click on the 'Summary Chart' link on the right hand sidebar to view a summarised chart for the rules of the letter 'LAAM' ()

Click here to view a printable chart depicting the rules of the letter ل

 

 

Click to view a Summary Chart of rules of the letter 'LAAM' Download Adobe Reader

Read with Tajweed - All Rights reserved