It can be said quietly or aloud when one is
reading alone, but if reading in a group, the first will say it aloud
and then the other readers should say it quietly before their recitation
'In the Name of Allah, Most Beneficient, Most Merciful'
If one begins the recitation at the beginning of a surah, the reader
should say the Basmala (as part of the surah), but if the reader starts
in the middle of the surah, the reader has a choice of saying the
Basmala after the ta'awwuth or just saying the ta'awwuth
It is obligatory in Surah Al- Fatihah according to the Shafi'i
According to all, it is not said in the beginning of Surah At-Taubah
- Surah 9 (it is not written)
Rules of reciting the Basmala between two surahs
Not joining the end of the previous surah with the basmala of the
next surah and not joining the basmala with the words of that surah. The
reader would not stop at each of these points
Stopping at the end of the surah, but then joining the basmala with the
beginning of the next surah
The opposite of this: joining the end of the surah with the
basmala of the next surah and then stopping, and then beginning the next
surah by itself, is FORBIDDEN
Connecting everything together, the end of the previous surah with the
basmala and also the basmala with the beginning of the following surah
NB For Surah Taubah, you either stop at the end of the previous
surah or join onto the first ayah of Surah Taubah. There is no partial
connection option as there is no basmala
Click here to view a printable chart that depicts the rules of basmala
between two surahs
The word lahn literally means 'incorrect pronunciation'. In
the Science of Tajweed, lahn can be described as:
'Failing to adhere to the rules of Tajweed whilst reciting the Qur'an'
There are 2 types of lahn:
Jalee (ﺟﻠﻲ)- major or obvious
Khafee (ﺧﻔﻲ)- minor or not obvious
To recite the Qur'an whilst being guilty of Lahney Jalee is haraam and
to do so intentionally can plunge into the act of a major in, so much that it
can lead one to the brink of kufr. Whereas to commit
Lahney Khafee is makrooh (undesirable, not commendable).
Not to pronounce the letters from their correct origins and their
To make any addition to the words
To make omissions
To replace a Harakah (dammah, fathah, kasrah) with a sukoon
To replace a sukoon
Reading the Qur'an whilst being guilty of Lahney Khafee is makrooh.
It does not necessarily alter the meaning of the Qur'an. However, it does
deprive the Holy Qur'an of its real elegance and beauty.
EXAMPLES OF LAHNEY KHAFEE:
To overlook the rules of the thick / full mouth (tafkheem) letters and
the thin / empty mouth (tarqeeq) letters.
Not to adhere to the rules of ith'har, idghaam and ikhfaa in their
respective places whilst reciting the Qur'an.
Not to prolong a letter when a Madd is present
(soure: Basic Tajweed for Primary Madris. Shaykh Hasib Ahmed Ibn Yusuf Mayet)
to view a printable chart depicting the types of lahn